Indirect Contact Order

Indirect Contact Order
Indirect Contact Order
Full Overview Of Indirect Contact Order

Family law in the UK aims to ensure children’s best interests are upheld, especially in cases of parental separation or divorce. When direct contact between a parent and child is deemed unsuitable, an indirect contact order can provide a valuable alternative.

At DLS Solicitors, we understand these matters’ complexities and emotional sensitivities. This comprehensive overview will explore the nature, legal framework, application process, benefits, challenges, and practical considerations surrounding indirect contact orders.

What is an Indirect Contact Order?

An indirect contact order is a type of court order that allows a parent or other family member to maintain a relationship with a child through means other than face-to-face meetings. This can include letters, emails, phone calls, video calls, and gifts. Indirect contact orders are typically used when direct contact might not be in the child’s best interests due to safety concerns, emotional impact, or logistical difficulties.

When Are Indirect Contact Orders Used?

Indirect contact orders are considered in various scenarios, such as:

  • Safety Concerns: When there is a risk of harm to the child from direct contact, such as in cases involving domestic violence, abuse, or severe parental conflict.
  • Emotional Well-being: If direct contact is likely to cause emotional distress or anxiety for the child.
  • Geographical Barriers: When parents live far apart, making regular face-to-face contact impractical.
  • Progressive Reintroduction: As a step towards re-establishing a relationship, indirect contact is initially used to build trust and comfort before moving to direct contact.

Relevant Legislation

The UK’s legal basis for indirect contact orders is primarily found in the Children Act 1989. The fundamental principles include:

The Welfare of the Child

The child’s welfare is the paramount consideration in any decision regarding contact orders. The court must consider the child’s physical, emotional, and psychological needs and the impact of any contact arrangement on their well-being.

No Order Principle

The court will only make an order if it is better for the child than making no order at all. This principle ensures that court intervention is used appropriately and only when necessary.

Welfare Checklist

When determining the best interests of the child, the court refers to the welfare checklist, which includes:

  • The ascertainable wishes and feelings of the child, considering their age and understanding.
  • The child’s physical, emotional, and educational needs.
  • The likely effect of any change in the child’s circumstances.
  • The child’s age, sex, background, and any other characteristics the court considers relevant.
  • Any harm the child has suffered or is at risk of suffering.
  • The capability of each parent to meet the child’s needs.

Application Process

The process of obtaining an Indirect Contact Order involves several steps:

  1. Mediation: Parents are encouraged to attempt mediation to resolve contact disputes amicably. Mediation can help avoid the need for court intervention and foster cooperative co-parenting.
  2. Application to Court: If mediation fails, an application can be made to the family court. This application should include detailed reasons for seeking indirect contact and any supporting evidence.
  3. Court Hearing: A court hearing will be scheduled, during which both parties can present their case. The court may also consider reports from social services, CAFCASS (Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service), or other relevant professionals.
  4. Decision and Order: The court will decide based on the evidence and the child’s welfare. If an Indirect Contact Order is granted, the order will specify the terms and conditions of the contact, such as the frequency and mode of communication.

Benefits of Indirect Contact Orders

Maintaining Relationships

Indirect Contact Orders allow for the continuation of a relationship between the child and the non-resident parent or other family members, preserving emotional bonds and family connections.

Ensuring Safety

For cases involving safety concerns, indirect contact provides a way to maintain communication without exposing the child to potential harm. It offers a controlled environment where interactions can be monitored.

Flexibility and Adaptability

Indirect contact can be adapted to suit the child’s and parents’ needs and circumstances. It allows for various forms of communication, from traditional letters to modern digital platforms, ensuring that contact is feasible and effective.

Emotional and Psychological Support

Maintaining indirect contact can provide emotional reassurance to the child, knowing that the non-resident parent cares and wishes to be involved in their life, even from a distance.

Challenges of Indirect Contact Orders

Lack of Physical Presence

One of the main challenges of indirect contact is the absence of physical presence, which can limit the depth and quality of the relationship. Physical interactions are crucial for bonding, and their absence can sometimes hinder the development of a strong parent-child relationship.

Compliance and Enforcement

Ensuring compliance with Indirect Contact Orders can be challenging, especially if one parent is uncooperative. Monitoring adherence to the terms of the order and addressing breaches require vigilance and sometimes further legal action.

Impact on Children

While indirect contact can be beneficial, it may also evoke feelings of sadness or confusion in the child, particularly if the child wishes for more direct interaction. The child might struggle with the concept of maintaining a relationship through indirect means.

Technological Barriers

Access to technology and digital literacy can pose challenges for indirect contact. Not all families may have the necessary resources or skills to facilitate effective communication through digital platforms.

Practical Considerations for Parents

Establishing Effective Communication

Parents should prioritise establishing effective communication methods that are age-appropriate and engaging for the child. These could include thoughtful and personalised video calls, emails, and letters.

Consistency and Routine

Maintaining a consistent schedule for indirect contact helps create a sense of routine and reliability for the child. Regular contact can reinforce stability and predictability in their relationship with the non-resident parent.

Being Supportive and Positive

The resident parent should support the child’s relationship with the non-resident parent by encouraging and facilitating indirect contact. Positive reinforcement and showing enthusiasm for the communication can enhance the child’s experience.

Monitoring and Adapting

Parents should regularly assess the effectiveness of the indirect contact arrangement and be open to adapting the methods used as the child’s needs and preferences evolve. This flexibility ensures that the contact remains meaningful and beneficial.

Legal Advice

Seeking legal advice can help parents understand their rights and responsibilities regarding Indirect Contact Orders. Legal professionals can assist in drafting clear and enforceable orders and provide guidance on compliance and enforcement.

Role of Legal Professionals

Advising Clients

As legal professionals, our role includes providing comprehensive advice to clients on all aspects of Indirect Contact Orders. This involves explaining the legal framework, assisting with the application process, and advising on the best strategies to achieve a favourable outcome.

Representation in Court

Legal representation in court is crucial for presenting a compelling case. Our responsibilities include preparing evidence, drafting legal documents, and advocating for the client’s position, ensuring that the child’s best interests are at the forefront of any decision.

Mediation and Negotiation

Facilitating mediation and negotiation between parents can help resolve contact disputes without court intervention. Legal professionals can guide these discussions, helping to reach mutually agreeable solutions that prioritise the child’s welfare.

Drafting Orders

Drafting clear and precise Indirect Contact Orders is essential for their enforceability. Legal professionals ensure that the terms of the order are specific, realistic, and tailored to the child’s needs and the parents’ circumstances.

Case Studies

High-Conflict Parental Separation

In a high-conflict separation case, the court granted an Indirect Contact Order to protect the child from witnessing parental disputes. The order facilitated regular email and video call communication, allowing the child to maintain a relationship with the non-resident parent in a safe and controlled manner.

Safety Concerns

A mother sought an Indirect Contact Order due to concerns about the father’s history of violent behaviour. The court granted the order, permitting the father to send letters and make supervised phone calls. This arrangement allowed the father to remain in contact while ensuring the child’s safety.

Geographical Distance

In a case where the parents lived in different countries, an Indirect Contact Order was implemented to bridge the distance. The order included provisions for regular video calls and sending digital messages, helping the child maintain a connection with the non-resident parent despite the geographical barrier.

Future Trends and Developments

Technological Advancements

Technological advancements continue to shape the landscape of indirect contact. The increasing availability and accessibility of digital communication tools offer new opportunities for maintaining relationships across distances. Parents and legal professionals should stay informed about emerging technologies that can enhance indirect contact.

Legislative Changes

Ongoing legislative changes may impact the application and enforcement of Indirect Contact Orders. Keeping abreast of legal developments ensures parents and legal professionals are prepared to adapt to new regulations and best practices.

Psychological Research

Continued research into the psychological impact of indirect contact on children can inform best practices and guidelines. Understanding the emotional and developmental effects of different contact arrangements helps tailor solutions that best support the child’s well-being.


Indirect Contact Orders provide a vital mechanism for maintaining parent-child relationships when direct contact is not feasible or safe. Understanding the legal framework, benefits, challenges, and practical considerations is essential for parents navigating this complex area of family law.

At DLS Solicitors, we are committed to offering expert legal advice and support to families dealing with indirect contact orders. By prioritising the child’s welfare and fostering effective communication, we help families achieve workable and positive outcomes. If you have any questions or need assistance with indirect contact orders, please do not hesitate to contact us. Our experienced team is here to guide you through the process with empathy and professionalism.

Indirect Contact Order FAQ'S

An Indirect Contact Order is a type of court order that allows a parent or another person to maintain contact with a child through indirect means, such as letters, emails, phone calls, or video calls, rather than face-to-face visits.

Indirect Contact Orders are typically used when direct contact is not considered in the child’s best interests due to safety concerns, strained relationships, or other reasons. It allows for a relationship to be maintained without a direct physical presence.

Parents, guardians, grandparents, or any person with a significant relationship with the child can apply for an Indirect Contact Order. They must show that indirect contact is in the best interests of the child.

To apply for an Indirect Contact Order, you need to submit a C100 form to the family court, detailing the reasons for your application and the type of indirect contact you are seeking. Mediation is usually required before applying to court.

Courts consider the child’s welfare as the paramount concern, including the child’s wishes and feelings (depending on age and maturity), the child’s emotional and physical needs, the potential impact of the order, and any risk of harm.

Yes, an Indirect Contact Order can be enforced by the court. If the order is not complied with, the court can take various actions, including fines, community service, or, in extreme cases, imprisonment.

Yes, an Indirect Contact Order can be varied or revoked if circumstances change. Either party can apply to the court for a modification, providing evidence that the change is in the best interests of the child.

The duration of an Indirect Contact Order varies depending on the specifics of the case and the court’s decision. It can be a temporary arrangement or a long-term order, subject to regular review.

If you wish to change from indirect to direct contact, you will need to apply to the court for a variation of the contact order, demonstrating that direct contact is now in the child’s best interests and that any previous concerns have been addressed.

If the other parent refuses to comply, you can return to court to enforce the order. The court can impose penalties or make further orders to ensure compliance, emphasising the importance of maintaining contact as stipulated.


This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 11th July 2024.

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