Office of the Public Guardian

Office of the Public Guardian
Office of the Public Guardian
Full Overview Of Office of the Public Guardian

The Office of the Public Guardian (OPG) is an essential entity within the UK’s legal and social care systems. It is dedicated to safeguarding the interests of individuals who may lack the capacity to make certain decisions for themselves. This organisation plays a pivotal role in ensuring that vulnerable individuals, especially the elderly, have their welfare and financial matters managed responsibly and ethically.

Historical Background and Establishment

The Office of the Public Guardian (OPG) was established under the Mental Capacity Act 2005, which became effective on 1 October 2007.

This Act was a significant piece of legislation aimed at providing a solid legal framework to safeguard and empower individuals who may lack the mental capacity to make decisions for themselves.

The creation of the OPG was in response to increasing concerns about the necessity of a formalised system to support and protect such individuals, ensuring that they receive appropriate care and that their affairs are competently managed.

Core Functions and Responsibilities

The OPG’s primary functions are wide-ranging and encompass several key areas:

  1. Registration of Lasting Powers of Attorney (LPAs) and Enduring Powers of Attorney (EPAs): The OPG is responsible for registering LPAs and EPAs. These documents allow individuals to appoint one or more persons (attorneys) to make decisions on their behalf should they lose the capacity to do so. There are two types of LPAs: one for health and welfare decisions and another for property and financial affairs. EPAs, which were replaced by LPAs in 2007 but are still valid if made before that date, relate solely to financial matters.
  2. Supervision of Deputies: When a person has not made an LPA or EPA and loses the capacity to make decisions, the Court of Protection may appoint a deputy to make decisions on their behalf. The OPG supervises these deputies to ensure they act in the individual’s best interests, adhering to the principles set out in the Mental Capacity Act.
  3. Investigation of Concerns: The Office of the Public Guardian investigates allegations of abuse or misuse of powers by attorneys or deputies. This critical function provides a safeguard against exploitation and ensures that appointed individuals are acting responsibly and ethically.
  4. Maintaining Registers: The OPG maintains public registers of LPAs, EPAs, and court orders appointing deputies. These registers provide transparency and allow interested parties to confirm the validity of these documents and appointments.
  5. Guidance and Support: The OPG offers guidance to attorneys, deputies, and other stakeholders to help them understand their roles and responsibilities. This includes providing information on how to act in the best interests of the person they are supporting and ensuring compliance with legal requirements.

The Mental Capacity Act 2005: Guiding Principles

The Mental Capacity Act 2005 underpins the work of the OPG and sets out five key principles that must be followed:

  1. Assumption of Capacity: Every adult has the right to make their own decisions and must be assumed to have the capacity to do so, unless proven otherwise.
  2. Right to Make Unwise Decisions: Individuals have the right to make decisions that others might consider unwise or eccentric. Making an unwise decision does not necessarily indicate a lack of capacity.
  3. Best Interests: Any decision made or action taken on behalf of a person who lacks capacity must be done in their best interests.
  4. Least Restrictive Option: Any decision or action must restrict the person’s rights and freedoms as little as possible while still achieving the intended outcome.
  5. Support to Make Decisions: All practicable steps must be taken to help a person make their own decisions before concluding that they lack capacity.

Structure and Governance

The Office of the Public Guardian (OPG) operates under the Ministry of Justice and collaborates closely with the Court of Protection. Its main office is in Birmingham, with additional offices in Nottingham. The Lord Chancellor appoints the Public Guardian, who is in charge of the OPG. Currently, Amy Holmes serves as the Public Guardian, responsible for leading the organisation and setting its strategic direction.

The OPG’s governance structure includes a senior management team that oversees various operational and administrative functions. This team ensures that the OPG fulfils its legal obligations and delivers high-quality services to the public.

Interaction with Other Bodies

The OPG collaborates with several other bodies to fulfil its mandate effectively:

  1. Court of Protection: The Court of Protection makes decisions and appoints deputies for individuals who lack capacity. The OPG works closely with the Court, particularly in supervising deputies and implementing court orders.
  2. Local Authorities and Social Services: The OPG often liaises with local authorities and social services, especially in cases involving concerns about the welfare of vulnerable individuals. This collaboration helps ensure a coordinated approach to safeguarding and support.
  3. Health and Social Care Professionals: The OPG provides guidance and support to health and social care professionals who work with individuals lacking capacity. This helps professionals understand the legal framework and their responsibilities under the Mental Capacity Act.
  4. Charities and Advocacy Organisations: The OPG partners with various charities and advocacy organisations to raise awareness about mental capacity issues and support individuals and their families. These partnerships are essential for reaching vulnerable populations and ensuring they receive the necessary assistance.

Recent Developments and Initiatives

The OPG has been actively involved in several initiatives aimed at improving its services and adapting to changing needs:

  1. Digital Transformation: The OPG has embarked on a digital transformation journey to enhance its services. This includes developing online tools and resources for registering LPAs and managing deputyships. The aim is to make these processes more efficient and accessible.
  2. Outreach and Education: The OPG has increased its efforts to educate the public about LPAs, deputyships, and the importance of planning for the future. This includes outreach campaigns, webinars, and collaboration with community organisations.
  3. Enhanced Supervision: The OPG has implemented measures to strengthen its supervision of deputies and attorneys. This includes more rigorous monitoring and support to ensure appointed individuals are appropriately fulfilling their duties.
  4. Policy Development: The OPG is actively involved in policy development and advocacy to improve the legal and regulatory framework for supporting individuals who lack capacity. This includes contributing to consultations and working with policymakers to address emerging issues.

Challenges and Future Directions

While the OPG has made significant strides in fulfilling its mandate, it faces several challenges:

  1. Rising Demand: The ageing population and increasing prevalence of conditions such as dementia mean that more individuals will require support with decision-making. This places additional pressure on the OPG’s resources and capacity.
  2. Complex Cases: Some cases involving individuals who lack capacity are highly complex, requiring careful and nuanced management. The OPG must ensure that it has the expertise and resources to handle such cases effectively.
  3. Awareness and Accessibility: Despite ongoing efforts, there is still a lack of awareness about LPAs and the role of the OPG. Increasing public understanding and making services more accessible remain key priorities.
  4. Technological Advancements: As the OPG continues its digital transformation, it must ensure that new technologies are secure, user-friendly, and accessible to all, including those who may not be digitally literate.

Moving forward, the OPG is dedicated to upholding its mission of safeguarding and assisting individuals who lack the capacity. This involves ongoing initiatives to enhance services, increase supervision, and raise awareness about the significance of future planning. By collaborating with other organisations and stakeholders, the OPG strives to guarantee that vulnerable individuals receive the necessary support and protection.


The Office of the Public Guardian plays a crucial role in the legal and social care system of the UK, providing essential services to protect and support individuals who lack capacity. Through its work in registering LPAs, supervising deputies, investigating concerns, and offering guidance, the OPG ensures that vulnerable individuals are treated with dignity and respect. As the population ages and the demand for these services grows, the OPG’s role will become even more critical. By continuing to innovate and collaborate, the OPG is well-positioned to meet these challenges and fulfil its mission effectively.

Office of the Public Guardian FAQ'S

The Office of the Public Guardian is an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice in the UK. It supports and promotes decision-making for those who lack mental capacity and oversees the registration and management of Lasting Powers of Attorney (LPA), Enduring Powers of Attorney (EPA), and the supervision of court-appointed deputies.

The OPG is responsible for registering Lasting Powers of Attorney (LPAs), ensuring they meet all legal requirements, and maintaining a public register. They also provide guidance and support to attorneys and donors, and they handle complaints and concerns about the conduct of attorneys.

To register an LPA, the completed and signed LPA form must be sent to the OPG along with the registration fee. The OPG reviews the application, and if it meets all requirements, the LPA is registered, and the donor and attorney are notified.

If there is concern about an attorney’s or deputy’s conduct, the OPG can investigate the matter. They can take various actions, including providing advice, issuing warnings, or applying to the Court of Protection to revoke the attorney’s or deputy’s authority if they are found to be acting improperly.

A Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) can cover both health and welfare decisions and property and financial affairs, and it must be registered with the OPG to be valid. An Enduring Power of Attorney (EPA) only covers property and financial affairs and was replaced by LPAs in 2007. Existing EPAs remain valid but must be registered with the OPG if the donor is losing or has lost mental capacity.

The OPG supervises deputies by requiring them to submit annual reports detailing their management of the person’s affairs. The OPG may also conduct visits, request additional information, and provide guidance to ensure deputies act in the best interests of the person they represent.

The OPG can be contacted through their website, by phone, email, or post. Their contact details are available on the UK government website. They assist with registering LPAs and EPAs, supervising deputies, and addressing concerns about attorneys and deputies.

The OPG charges fees for registering LPAs and EPAs, supervising deputies, and other services. Fee exemptions or reductions may be available for low-income individuals or receiving certain benefits. Detailed fee information is available on the OPG’s website.

The OPG plays a key role in safeguarding vulnerable adults by ensuring that attorneys and deputies act in their best interests, investigating concerns about misconduct, and working with other agencies to protect individuals from abuse or exploitation.

Yes, decisions made by the OPG can be appealed to the Court of Protection. If someone disagrees with a decision regarding the registration of an LPA, the conduct of an attorney or deputy, or any other matter, they can apply to the court for a review.


This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 11th July 2024.

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