Probate Application

Probate Application
Probate Application
Full Overview Of Probate Application

Probate is the legal and financial process of dealing with the property, money, and possessions (estate) of a person who has died. It involves ensuring that any debts and taxes are paid and that what is left is correctly distributed to those entitled to it.

At DLS Solicitors, we understand that navigating the probate process can be overwhelming, especially during a time of loss. This comprehensive guide explains the probate application process, guiding you through each step and addressing common concerns.

Understanding Probate

Probate is essential to ensuring the orderly and lawful distribution of a deceased person’s estate. The process provides legal recognition of the validity of a will (if there is one) and appoints an executor or administrator to manage the estate.

  1. Executor vs. Administrator: An executor is someone named in the will to administer the estate. If no will exists, an administrator is appointed, usually a close relative, and the process is known as ‘letters of administration’. Both roles carry similar responsibilities, including collecting assets, paying debts and taxes, and distributing the remaining estate.
  2. Grant of Probate: This is the official document issued by the Probate Registry, giving the executor(s) the authority to manage the deceased’s estate as per the will. If there is no will, a ‘Grant of Letters of Administration’ is issued to the administrator(s).

Initial Steps: Locating the Will and Understanding the Estate

Locating the Will

The first step is to locate the deceased’s will. The will should name the executor(s) and outline the deceased’s wishes regarding the distribution of their estate. It’s important to ensure the will is the most recent and valid version.

Understanding the Estate

This involves identifying all the assets and liabilities of the deceased. Assets may include property, bank accounts, investments, personal belongings, and pensions. Liabilities include mortgages, loans, and other debts.

  • Valuation: Accurate valuation of the estate is critical. Professional valuations may be required for property, significant personal belongings, and business interests. Bank accounts and investments will need current statements.

Determining Inheritance Tax Liability

Inheritance tax (IHT) may be payable if the estate’s value exceeds the current threshold (£325,000 as of 2023). Gifts made within seven years of death may also impact the IHT liability.

  • IHT Forms: For estates below the threshold, the IHT205 form is used. For larger estates, the IHT400 form is necessary. These forms detail the estate’s value and any gifts made by the deceased.

Applying for Probate

Preparing the Application

To apply for probate, several forms need to be completed:

Submitting the Application

The completed forms, death certificate and probate fee, must be submitted to the Probate Registry. As of 2023, the fee is £273 for estates over £5,000 and free for estates below this threshold.

Receiving the Grant of Probate

Once the application is processed and approved, the Probate Registry issues the Grant of Probate (or Letters of Administration). This document authorises the executor(s) or administrator(s) to manage the estate.

Administering the Estate

Collecting Assets

With the Grant of Probate, the executor or administrator can begin to collect the deceased’s assets. This may involve:

  • Closing Bank Accounts: Bank accounts in the deceased’s name need to be closed, and the funds transferred to an executor’s account.
  • Selling Property: If the property is to be sold, arrangements need to be made. This includes valuing the property, marketing it, and completing the sale.
  • Transferring Investments: Investments and shares need to be transferred or sold.

Paying Debts and Taxes

All debts, including mortgages, loans, and utility bills, must be settled from the estate. Any taxes owed, including inheritance tax and income tax, must also be paid.

Keeping Records

Maintaining clear and accurate records throughout the administration process is crucial. This includes keeping track of all communications, transactions, and distributions.

Distributing the Estate

Once all debts and taxes are settled, the remaining assets can be distributed according to the will or the rules of intestacy. If the estate is complex, this process may involve setting up trusts or handling disputes among beneficiaries.

Finalising Accounts

Before distribution, final accounts detailing all transactions should be prepared. These accounts should be shared with beneficiaries for transparency.

Distributing Assets

Distribution may involve transferring money, property, or personal items to the beneficiaries. Executors should obtain receipts or acknowledgements from the beneficiaries.

Dealing with Disputes

Occasionally, disputes may arise during the probate process. Common disputes include:

  • Validity of the Will: Claims that the will is invalid due to lack of testamentary capacity or undue influence.
  • Interpretation of the Will: Disagreements over the meaning or intention of the will’s provisions.
  • Entitlement: Challenges regarding who is entitled to the estate, especially under intestacy rules.

At DLS Solicitors, we offer mediation and legal services to resolve disputes efficiently and fairly.

Probate for International Assets

If the deceased owned assets abroad, the probate process becomes more complex. Different countries have varying legal requirements, and obtaining probate in each jurisdiction may be necessary.

Timescales and Delays

The duration of the probate process varies depending on the estate’s complexity and whether there are any disputes or complications. On average, straightforward estates take between 6 and 12 months to complete.


Delays can occur due to various reasons, including:

  • Disputes Among Beneficiaries: Disagreements can significantly prolong the process.
  • Complex Assets: Estates involving businesses, foreign assets, or extensive property portfolios take longer to administer.
  • Tax Complications: Complex IHT calculations or disputes with HMRC can cause delays.

Professional Assistance

Engaging professional assistance can streamline the probate process. Solicitors experienced in probate can provide valuable guidance and support, ensuring all legal requirements are met and potential issues are pre-emptively addressed.

Why Choose DLS Solicitors?

At DLS Solicitors, we offer comprehensive probate services tailored to your specific needs. Our team of experienced solicitors is dedicated to providing compassionate and professional support throughout the probate process.


Our extensive experience in probate law ensures that we can handle even the most complex estates efficiently. We stay abreast of the latest legal developments and tax regulations to provide accurate and current advice.

Personalised Service

We understand that every estate is unique. Our personalised approach ensures that we address your specific circumstances and concerns, providing tailored solutions that meet your needs.

Transparent Communication

Clear and transparent communication is at the heart of our service. We keep you informed at every process stage, ensuring you understand what is happening and why.

Efficient Resolution

We strive to resolve probate matters as efficiently as possible, minimising delays and reducing stress for you and your family. We aim to complete the process promptly while ensuring compliance with all legal requirements.

Dispute Resolution

In disputes, our experienced team can provide robust representation and mediation services. We work to resolve conflicts amicably and efficiently, protecting your interests and those of the estate.


Navigating the probate process can be challenging, but with the right guidance and support, it can be managed effectively. At DLS Solicitors, we are dedicated to providing compassionate and competent assistance, ensuring that the probate process is handled with the utmost care and professionalism.

From the initial steps of locating the will and valuing the estate to applying for probate, administering the estate, and dealing with any disputes, our comprehensive service covers every aspect of the probate process. We understand the emotional and legal complexities involved and strive to make the process as smooth and stress-free as possible.

If you are facing the probate process and need expert advice and support, please don’t hesitate to contact DLS Solicitors. Our team is here to assist you every step of the way, providing the reassurance and professional service you need during this challenging time.


This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 11th July 2024.

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DLS Solicitors : Family Law Solicitors

Our team of professionals are based in Alderley Edge, Cheshire. We offer clear, specialist legal advice in all matters relating to Family Law, Wills, Trusts, Probate, Lasting Power of Attorney and Court of Protection.

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