Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance

Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance
Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance
Full Overview Of Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance

In the complex world of property transactions, restrictive covenants often present a significant challenge. These legal stipulations, attached to the property title, can limit how a property may be used. As these covenants can significantly impact the value and utility of the property, a robust risk management strategy is essential. This is where Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance (RCII) comes into play.

At DLS Solicitors, we recognise the importance of understanding and navigating the intricacies of RCII. This comprehensive overview aims to clarify the fundamentals of RCII, as well as its application, benefits, and considerations.

What are Restrictive Covenants?

Definition and Purpose

A restrictive covenant is a binding legal obligation written into the deeds of a property by the seller. These covenants are designed to preserve the property’s character and value by imposing restrictions on its use. Common examples include prohibitions on building specific structures, conducting business activities, or altering the property’s appearance.

Historical Context

Historically, restrictive covenants have controlled land use and maintained the aesthetic and functional integrity of neighbourhoods. They can date back many decades, and their original intent might no longer be relevant, but they remain enforceable unless formally removed.

The Challenges of Restrictive Covenants

Impact on Property Transactions

Restrictive covenants can significantly complicate property transactions. Potential buyers may be deterred by limitations on how they can use the property, and lenders might be hesitant to finance properties encumbered by such covenants. This can result in reduced property values and prolonged transaction times.

Enforcement Risks

One of the primary concerns with restrictive covenants is the risk of enforcement. Neighbours, former owners, or local authorities may have the right to enforce these covenants, which could lead to legal disputes and financial liabilities for the property owner.

What is Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance?


Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance is a specialised policy designed to protect property owners and lenders against the risks associated with restrictive covenants. It covers the financial impact of any breaches of the covenants, including legal defence costs and any settlement or compensation required.

Scope of Coverage

The coverage provided by RCII typically includes:

  • Legal Defence Costs: Covering the expenses involved in defending against claims of covenant breaches.
  • Compensation Payments: Covering any compensation awarded to the claimant enforcing the covenant.
  • Diminution in Value: Protecting against reduced property value due to enforcement actions.
  • Cost of Remedial Work: Covering the cost of necessary alterations to comply with the covenant.

Applying Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance

When is RCII Necessary?

RCII becomes particularly relevant in the following scenarios:

  • Unknown Covenants: When there is uncertainty or lack of documentation about existing covenants.
  • Potential Breaches: When there is a risk that current or proposed uses of the property might breach existing covenants.
  • Disputed Covenants: When there is an ongoing or potential dispute regarding enforcing a covenant.

Obtaining RCII

The process of obtaining RCII involves several steps:

  1. Assessment of Risk: A thorough assessment of the property and the specific covenants in question.
  2. Insurance Application: Submission of an application detailing the property’s history, current use, and proposed changes.
  3. Underwriting Process: The insurer’s evaluation of the risk, which may involve property surveys and legal reviews.
  4. Issuance of Policy: If the application is approved, the insurer issues a policy outlining the terms, coverage, and premiums.

Benefits of Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance

Risk Mitigation

The primary benefit of RCII is mitigating financial risks associated with covenant breaches. Property owners and lenders can confidently proceed with transactions and developments, knowing they are protected against potential legal and financial repercussions.

Facilitation of Property Transactions

RCII can facilitate smoother and quicker property transactions by assuring buyers and lenders. This is particularly beneficial in high-value or complex transactions where the presence of restrictive covenants might otherwise cause delays or cancellations.

Preservation of Property Value

RCII helps preserve the property’s value by protecting it against enforcement actions that could diminish its marketability. This ensures that the property remains an attractive investment.

Legal Protection

With RCII, property owners have access to expert legal defence in the event of a dispute. This reduces the burden and stress of dealing with potential litigation, allowing owners to focus on their investments rather than legal battles.

Considerations and Limitations

Policy Exclusions

It is crucial to understand that RCII policies come with exclusions. These may include:

  • Known Breaches: Covenants already known to be breached at the time of policy issuance.
  • Specific Covenant Types: Certain covenants, such as those relating to hazardous materials or environmental conditions, might be excluded.
  • Intentional Non-compliance: Breaches resulting from deliberate actions by the policyholder are typically not covered.

Premium Costs

The cost of RCII varies based on several factors, including the nature of the covenants, the property’s value, and the level of coverage required. While premiums can be a significant expense, they are often justified by the protection and peace of mind provided.

Policy Conditions

RCII policies come with conditions that must be adhered to. These can include:

  • Disclosure Requirements: Full disclosure of relevant information about the property and its covenants.
  • Maintenance of Property: Ensuring the property complies with relevant laws and regulations.
  • Notification of Changes: Informing the insurer of any changes to the property’s use or status that might affect the risk profile.

Case Studies

Residential Property Development

A developer purchased a plot of land with plans to build a residential complex. However, an old restrictive covenant prohibited any building over two storeys. The developer secured RCII, which provided coverage against potential enforcement actions. This allowed the project to proceed, and the insurer covered the legal defence costs and settlement when a neighbouring property owner attempted to enforce the covenant.

Commercial Property Acquisition

A company acquired a commercial property for use as a retail outlet. During due diligence, it was discovered that a restrictive covenant limited the property’s use to agricultural purposes. RCII was obtained to cover the enforcement risk, enabling the transaction to proceed smoothly. The insurance policy protected the company when a neighbouring farm owner raised a claim, covering the legal costs and any required compensation.

Importance of Legal Guidance

Navigating the complexities of restrictive covenants and RCII requires expert legal guidance. At DLS Solicitors, we emphasise the importance of involving legal advisors early in the property transaction process to identify potential covenant issues and advise on appropriate risk management strategies, including procuring RCII.

Due Diligence

Thorough due diligence is essential in identifying and assessing restrictive covenants. Legal advisors play a crucial role in conducting detailed property searches, reviewing historical deeds, and evaluating the enforceability of covenants. This ensures that clients are fully informed about potential risks and the need for RCII.

Policy Negotiation

Legal advisors assist in negotiating the terms and conditions of RCII policies. This includes ensuring that the coverage is comprehensive, exclusions are minimised, and premiums are reasonable. Effective negotiation can significantly enhance the protection provided by the insurance.

Increasing Complexity of Covenants

As urban development continues and land use becomes more complex, the nature of restrictive covenants is also evolving. This trend underscores the growing importance of RCII in protecting property owners and investors from unforeseen legal challenges.

Technological Advancements

Advancements in technology, such as blockchain and digital property records, will likely impact the management and enforcement of restrictive covenants. These technologies can improve transparency and reduce the risk of unknown covenants, potentially influencing the demand and structure of RCII policies.

Regulatory Changes

Changes in property and insurance regulations can also affect RCII. Staying abreast of regulatory developments is crucial for legal advisors and property owners to ensure compliance and optimise risk management strategies.


Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance is vital in managing the risks associated with restrictive covenants in property transactions. By providing financial protection and facilitating smoother transactions, RCII is an invaluable tool for property owners, developers, and lenders.

At DLS Solicitors, we are committed to helping our clients navigate the complexities of restrictive covenants and secure the necessary insurance to protect their investments.

Through expert legal guidance, thorough due diligence, and effective policy negotiation, we ensure our clients are well-equipped to handle the challenges posed by restrictive covenants, ensuring their property transactions are successful and secure.

Contact Us

For more information about Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance and how DLS Solicitors can assist you, please get in touch with our experienced team. We are here to provide expert advice and support tailored to your specific needs.

At DLS Solicitors, we understand that every property transaction is unique, and we are dedicated to providing personalised legal solutions that protect your interests and facilitate your success.

Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance FAQ'S

Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance is a type of insurance policy that provides coverage against the risk of enforcement of restrictive covenants affecting a property. These covenants are legal obligations that restrict how a property can be used.

You might need this insurance if there are existing restrictive covenants on your property that could be enforced, potentially causing financial loss or requiring alterations to the property to comply with the covenants.

The insurance typically covers legal costs and expenses incurred in defending against the enforcement of the covenant, any financial loss suffered as a result of complying with the covenant, and any reduction in the property’s value due to the enforcement.

You can obtain this insurance through a specialist insurance broker or directly from an insurance company that offers property indemnity insurance. A solicitor involved in the property transaction can also assist in arranging this insurance.

Common exclusions include any known breaches of the covenant before the policy was taken out, deliberate actions that contravene the covenant, and any claims or enforcement actions that the policyholder was aware of at the time of purchasing the insurance.

The cost varies depending on factors such as the nature and extent of the restrictive covenant, the value of the property, and the perceived risk of enforcement. Premiums can range from a few hundred to several thousand pounds.

Yes, these policies are typically transferable to subsequent owners of the property, providing continuous coverage against the enforcement of the restrictive covenant.

If you receive such a notice, you should immediately inform your insurance provider and seek legal advice. The insurance company will typically handle the legal defence and any negotiations related to the enforcement.

It is generally difficult to obtain insurance after a breach has occurred, as insurers are unlikely to cover known risks. However, if the breach is minor or can be remedied, some insurers might still offer coverage.

Restrictive Covenant Indemnity Insurance specifically covers the risk of enforcement of restrictive covenants, while other types of property indemnity insurance might cover different risks, such as lack of building regulations approval, planning permission issues, or rights of access.


This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 17th July 2024.

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