Define: Capital Gains

Capital Gains
Capital Gains
Full Definition Of Capital Gains

Capital gains refer to the profit realised from the sale of a capital asset such as stocks, real estate, or other investments. Capital gains are subject to taxation and are typically categorised as either short-term or long-term, depending on the holding period of the asset. The tax rate applied to capital gains varies depending on the taxpayer’s income level and the type of asset being sold.

Capital Gains FAQ'S

Capital gains refer to the profits earned from the sale of a capital asset, such as stocks, real estate, or artwork. It is the difference between the purchase price and the selling price of the asset.

Yes, capital gains are generally taxable. However, the tax rate may vary depending on the type of asset and the holding period. Short-term capital gains (assets held for less than a year) are typically taxed at higher rates than long-term capital gains (assets held for more than a year).

To calculate capital gains tax, subtract the cost basis (purchase price plus any associated expenses) from the selling price of the asset. The resulting amount is the capital gain. Then, apply the applicable tax rate to determine the tax liability.

Yes, there are certain exemptions and deductions available for capital gains tax. For example, if you sell your primary residence, you may be eligible for a capital gains exclusion up to a certain limit. Additionally, certain investments in qualified small business stocks may qualify for a capital gains tax exclusion.

Yes, you can offset capital gains with capital losses. If you have capital losses in a given year, you can use them to offset capital gains, reducing your overall tax liability. If your capital losses exceed your capital gains, you may be able to carry forward the excess losses to future years.

Yes, there are special rules for capital gains on inherited assets. When you inherit an asset, the cost basis is generally adjusted to the fair market value at the time of the original owner’s death. This adjustment, known as a step-up in basis, can help reduce the capital gains tax liability when you sell the inherited asset.

Yes, there are specific rules for capital gains on international investments. If you are a U.S. taxpayer and have capital gains from investments in foreign assets, you may be subject to additional reporting requirements, such as filing a Foreign Bank Account Report (FBAR) or reporting the gains on your tax return.

Gifting assets does not eliminate capital gains tax. When you gift an asset, the recipient generally assumes your cost basis. If the recipient later sells the asset, they may be liable for capital gains tax based on the original cost basis.

Yes, there are several strategies to minimize capital gains tax. These include tax-loss harvesting, where you strategically sell investments at a loss to offset capital gains, and utilizing tax-advantaged accounts to defer or eliminate capital gains tax. Consulting with a tax professional can help you identify the most suitable strategies for your specific situation.

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This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 23rd April 2024.

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