Define: Secundum Allegata Et Probata

Secundum Allegata Et Probata
Secundum Allegata Et Probata
Quick Summary of Secundum Allegata Et Probata

According to what is alleged and proved, SECUNDUM ALLEGATA ET PROBATA is a Latin term that signifies a decision or judgement made based on the evidence presented. This term is commonly used in legal contexts to indicate that a ruling has been made after considering the evidence and arguments from both sides. Similarly, in a research paper, the author may draw a conclusion secundum allegata et probata, meaning that the conclusion is derived from the evidence and data presented in the paper. These examples demonstrate how SECUNDUM ALLEGATA ET PROBATA is used to emphasize that a decision or conclusion is grounded in evidence rather than assumptions or opinions.

What is the dictionary definition of Secundum Allegata Et Probata?
Dictionary Definition of Secundum Allegata Et Probata

The phrase SECUNDUM ALLEGATA ET PROBATA, originating from Latin, signifies “in accordance with what is claimed and verified.” This expression is frequently employed in historical contexts to denote evidence that has been put forth and substantiated as accurate. It implies that a statement is acknowledged as factual based on the evidence that has been demonstrated.

Full Definition Of Secundum Allegata Et Probata

The phrase “secundum allegata et probata” is a Latin term widely used in the legal field. It translates to “according to what has been alleged and proved.” This principle is foundational in the administration of justice, ensuring that legal decisions are based solely on the allegations made and the evidence presented during a trial. This overview aims to explore the origins, implications, and applications of this doctrine within the context of British law.

Origins and Historical Context

Latin phrases and maxims have long been integral to legal language, reflecting the historical influence of Roman law on the development of legal systems in Europe, including the British legal system. “Secundum allegata et probata” originates from Roman legal principles, where the emphasis was placed on the need for coherence between allegations and proofs presented in court. This principle was essential in ensuring fairness and accuracy in legal proceedings, thus forming a cornerstone for modern evidentiary rules.

Definition and Core Principles

At its core, “secundum allegata et probata” embodies the principle that a court’s decision must be grounded in the allegations brought before it and the evidence supporting those allegations. This means that:

  1. Allegations: Parties to a legal dispute must clearly state their claims and defences. These statements outline the issues the court needs to resolve.
  2. Proofs: The parties must then provide evidence to substantiate their claims and defences. This evidence can take various forms, including witness testimony, documents, and expert opinions.

The adjudication process relies on a structured presentation of these elements to ensure that judgments are not arbitrary but are based on substantiated facts and reasoned arguments.

Application in British Law

Civil Procedure

In British civil law, the principle of “secundum allegata et probata” is enshrined in procedural rules and practices. The Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) govern the conduct of civil litigation in England and Wales, ensuring that the issues are clearly defined and the evidence is properly presented. Key aspects include:

  • Pleadings: Parties are required to file detailed statements of the case, including particulars of the claim, defence, and replies. These documents set out the allegations and counter-allegations.
  • Disclosure and Evidence: The CPR mandates the disclosure of relevant documents and outlines the procedures for submitting evidence. This ensures that parties have access to the material needed to prove their case.
  • Trial: During the trial, both parties present their evidence, and the judge makes findings based on the allegations and proofs submitted. The judgment must reflect the issues raised and the evidence provided.

Criminal Procedure

In criminal law, the principle is equally critical. The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) and defence lawyers must present their cases within the framework of allegations and evidence. The Criminal Procedure Rules (CrimPR) regulate the conduct of criminal trials, ensuring that the prosecution proves its case beyond a reasonable doubt based on the evidence presented. Key points include:

  • Charges and Indictment: The prosecution must clearly state the charges against the defendant, outlining the specific allegations.
  • Evidence: Both the prosecution and defence are bound by rules regarding the disclosure and presentation of evidence, including witness statements and forensic reports.
  • Verdict: The jury or judge must base their verdict on the evidence related to the specific charges and defences raised during the trial.

Judicial Review and Administrative Law

The principle of “secundum allegata et probata” also plays a role in judicial review and administrative law. When reviewing the decisions of public bodies, courts ensure that decisions are based on the evidence and issues presented during the administrative process. This principle ensures accountability and fairness in public decision-making.

Case Law and Judicial Interpretations

British case law provides numerous examples of the application and interpretation of “secundum allegata et probata.” Courts have consistently upheld the principle that judgments must be grounded in the allegations and evidence presented by the parties.

Civil Cases

In civil litigation, the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court have reinforced the importance of this principle in ensuring fair trials. For example, in Three Rivers District Council v Governor and Company of the Bank of England (No 3) [2003], the House of Lords (now the Supreme Court) emphasized the necessity for parties to prove their allegations with credible evidence.

Criminal Cases

In criminal cases, appellate courts have scrutinized convictions to ensure that they are based on evidence corresponding to the charges brought against the defendant. The case of R v. McKechnie [1992] illustrates the importance of aligning the allegations with the proof presented. The conviction was overturned because the prosecution’s evidence did not adequately support the specific charges laid out in the indictment.

Administrative Law

Judicial review cases also highlight the application of this principle. In Council of Civil Service Unions v Minister for the Civil Service [1985], the House of Lords underscored the need for public bodies to base their decisions on evidence and arguments presented during the administrative process. This ensures that decisions are not arbitrary and are subject to judicial scrutiny based on a clear record of allegations and evidence.

Challenges and Criticisms

Despite its foundational role, the principle of “secundum allegata et probata” faces challenges and criticisms, particularly regarding its application in complex cases. Some of the key issues include:

Complex Litigation

In complex litigation, the volume and intricacy of evidence can make it difficult to ensure a clear alignment between allegations and proofs. This can lead to protracted trials and increased costs. Legal reforms and procedural innovations aim to address these challenges by promoting efficiency and clarity in presenting cases.

Access to Justice

Critics argue that strict adherence to this principle can sometimes hinder access to justice, particularly for individuals and small entities with limited resources. The requirement to present comprehensive allegations and evidence can be daunting, potentially disadvantaging less-resourced parties. Legal aid and support mechanisms are essential to mitigate these disparities.

Evolving Standards of Evidence

The nature of evidence is evolving with advancements in technology and changes in societal norms. Courts must adapt to these changes while maintaining the core principle of “secundum allegata et probata.” This includes addressing issues such as digital evidence, data privacy, and the admissibility of novel scientific techniques.

Reforms and Future Directions

Legal reforms and judicial practices continue to evolve to address the challenges associated with “secundum allegata et probata.” Key areas of focus include:

Streamlining Procedures

Efforts to streamline legal procedures aim to reduce complexity and enhance efficiency. This includes simplifying the rules of evidence, promoting alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, and leveraging technology to facilitate case management and presentation of evidence.

Enhancing Access to Justice

Ensuring access to justice remains a priority. Legal aid programs, pro bono services, and community legal centres play a crucial role in supporting individuals and small entities in navigating the legal system. Reforms to reduce costs and simplify procedures also contribute to making justice more accessible.

Adapting to Technological Advancements

The legal system must adapt to technological advancements that impact the nature of evidence. This includes developing standards for digital evidence, addressing cybersecurity concerns, and incorporating technological tools to assist in evidence presentation and case management.

Judicial Training and Education

Ongoing training and education for judges and legal practitioners are essential to ensure the effective application of “secundum allegata et probata.” This includes staying abreast of legal developments, understanding emerging evidence types, and promoting best practices in case management.


The principle of “secundum allegata et probata” is a cornerstone of the British legal system, ensuring that judicial decisions are grounded in the allegations and evidence presented by the parties. Its historical roots in Roman law highlight its enduring importance in promoting fairness, accuracy, and accountability in legal proceedings. While challenges and criticisms exist, ongoing reforms and adaptations aim to uphold this principle in the face of evolving legal and societal landscapes. The continued commitment to this principle underscores its vital role in the administration of justice, ensuring that legal outcomes are based on substantiated facts and reasoned arguments.

Secundum Allegata Et Probata FAQ'S

“Secundum Allegata et Probata” is a Latin legal term that translates to “according to the allegations and proofs.” It refers to the principle that a court’s decision should be based on the facts and evidence presented by the parties involved in a case.

In a legal case, “Secundum Allegata Et Probata” means that the court will consider and make decisions based on the facts and evidence presented by the parties during the trial or hearing. The court will not rely on assumptions or information outside of what has been alleged and proven.

If a court does not adhere to the principle of “Secundum Allegata Et Probata,” it may make decisions based on information or evidence that was not presented by the parties. This can lead to an unfair outcome and may be grounds for an appeal or challenge to the decision.

Yes, the parties involved in a legal case can agree to waive the principle of “Secundum Allegata Et Probata” if they mutually consent to consider additional evidence or information that was not initially alleged or proven. However, such waivers are typically rare and require the court’s approval.

Yes, the principle of “Secundum Allegata Et Probata” applies to both civil and criminal cases. In both types of cases, the court should base its decisions on the facts and evidence presented by the parties involved.

Generally, once the principle of “Secundum Allegata Et Probata” has been applied, new evidence cannot be introduced. However, there may be exceptions if the court allows for the admission of new evidence due to exceptional circumstances or if it is in the interest of justice.

“Secundum Allegata Et Probata” is closely related to the burden of proof. The party with the burden of proof must present sufficient evidence to support their allegations. The court will then make its decision based on the evidence presented, following the principle of “Secundum Allegata Et Probata.”

No, a court should not consider evidence that was not presented by either party. The principle of “Secundum Allegata Et Probata” requires the court to base its decisions solely on the facts and evidence presented by the parties involved in the case.

If a party fails to present sufficient evidence to support their allegations, the court may rule against them. The court’s decision will be based on the evidence that was presented, and the party’s failure to meet the burden of proof may result in an unfavorable outcome.

If a party believes that the court did not properly apply the principle of “Secundum Allegata Et Probata” and made a decision based on evidence or information outside of what was alleged and proven, they may have grounds to challenge or appeal the decision. However, the success of such a challenge or appeal will depend on the specific circumstances and the applicable laws and rules of the jurisdiction.

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This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 8th June 2024.

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