Define: UCC Financing Statement

UCC Financing Statement
UCC Financing Statement
Quick Summary of UCC Financing Statement

The UCC Financing Statement, also known as a UCC-1 Form, is a document that creditors use to establish their security interest in a debtor’s personal property. This form is similar to recording a deed for real property and allows creditors to have priority over other creditors in accessing assets if the debtor becomes insolvent. Filing this form is a requirement for perfecting a secured transaction, which determines who has priority in the collateral and notifies the public of secured interests. Perfection can be achieved through the UCC Financing Statement, purchase money security interests, or through possession/control.

Full Definition Of UCC Financing Statement

The UCC-1 Form, also known as a UCC Financing Statement, is a document that creditors use to establish their security interest in a debtor’s personal property by filing it with the state. This document is similar to recording a deed for real property and serves to register debt with the state, allowing other creditors and the government to track legitimate security interests in property. For instance, if a creditor loans money to a debtor and takes a security interest in the debtor’s car, they can file a UCC Financing Statement with the state to establish their priority over other creditors who may also have a security interest in the same car. Perfection is a crucial step in a secured transaction, and filing a UCC Financing Statement is one way to perfect a security interest. It determines which party has priority in the collateral and gives notice to the public who has secured interests in the collateral and who claims first. There are three ways to perfect a security interest: through a UCC Financing Statement, through possession or control of the collateral, or through a purchase money security interest (PMSI). For example, if a creditor loans money to a debtor to purchase a new car, the creditor automatically has a PMSI in the car. However, if the creditor loans money to the debtor to purchase a used car, they must file a UCC Financing Statement to perfect their security interest in the car. Overall, a UCC Financing Statement is a crucial document for creditors to establish their security interest in a debtor’s personal property and protect their rights in the event of the debtor’s insolvency.

UCC Financing Statement FAQ'S

A UCC financing statement is a legal document that provides notice to the public that a creditor has a security interest in the personal property of a debtor. It is typically filed with the Secretary of State’s office.

Filing a UCC financing statement is important because it establishes priority for the creditor’s security interest in the debtor’s personal property. It also provides notice to other potential creditors that the property may already be encumbered.

A UCC financing statement typically requires the debtor’s name and address, the creditor’s name and address, a description of the collateral, and any other relevant information required by the state’s filing office.

A UCC financing statement is effective for a period of five years from the date of filing. However, it can be renewed for additional five-year periods by filing a continuation statement before the initial statement expires.

Yes, a UCC financing statement can be terminated before its expiration date. This can be done by filing a termination statement with the Secretary of State’s office, which effectively removes the creditor’s security interest in the debtor’s personal property.

If a UCC financing statement is not filed, the creditor may lose priority over other creditors who subsequently file their own financing statements. This means that in the event of the debtor’s default or bankruptcy, the creditor may not be able to recover their collateral.

Yes, a UCC financing statement can be amended if there are changes to the information contained in the original statement. An amendment can be filed with the Secretary of State’s office to update the necessary details.

Yes, there are typically filing fees associated with filing a UCC financing statement. The fees vary by state and are usually payable to the Secretary of State’s office or the relevant filing office.

Yes, many states now allow for electronic filing of UCC financing statements. This provides a more convenient and efficient way for creditors to file and manage their statements.

Yes, a UCC financing statement can be filed in multiple states if the debtor’s collateral is located in different jurisdictions. This ensures that the creditor’s security interest is properly established and recognized in each relevant state.

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This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 17th April 2024.

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