Define: Your Witness

Your Witness
Your Witness
Quick Summary of Your Witness

In a courtroom, the phrase “your witness” is used by a lawyer to signal the end of their questioning of a witness and the start of the opposing side’s questioning. It can also be referred to as “take the witness” or “pass the witness.” For instance, Lawyer 1 states, “I have no further questions for this witness, Your Honour.” The judge then acknowledges this and says, “Very well. Your witness, Lawyer 2.” Lawyer 2 then proceeds to ask their questions, starting with, “Mr. Smith, can you please describe what you saw on the night of the incident?” In this scenario, Lawyer 1 relinquishes the opportunity to question the witness to Lawyer 2 by using the phrase “your witness.” The judge then instructs Lawyer 2 to proceed with their questioning. Lawyer 2 responds with, “Thank you, your honour. Ms. Johnson, can you please tell us what you heard on the night of the incident?” This example demonstrates how the phrase “your witness” is employed to indicate the transition of questioning from one side to the other.

What is the dictionary definition of Your Witness?
Dictionary Definition of Your Witness

In a courtroom, a lawyer may utter the phrase “your witness” to indicate that it is now the opposing side’s opportunity to begin questioning. This signifies the completion of one side’s interrogation and the commencement of the other side’s inquiry. It can be likened to passing a baton in a relay race, except in this case, the baton is replaced by a witness.

Full Definition Of Your Witness

“Your Witness” is a comprehensive resource designed to provide insights and guidance on the practice of advocacy within the British legal system. The book offers a wealth of practical advice for both novice and experienced barristers, focusing on the various facets of courtroom practice, from case preparation to the nuances of cross-examination. This legal overview aims to dissect the critical elements presented in “Your Witness,” contextualising its advice within the framework of British legal traditions and contemporary courtroom procedures.

The Role of the Barrister

Barristers in the United Kingdom play a pivotal role in the legal system, primarily responsible for representing clients in court. Unlike solicitors, who typically handle the preparatory and advisory aspects of legal work, barristers specialise in advocacy, providing expert opinions, and drafting complex legal documents. “Your Witness” addresses the multifaceted responsibilities of barristers, emphasising the importance of meticulous preparation, mastery of legal principles, and the art of persuasion.

Preparation and Case Management

Effective advocacy begins long before a barrister steps into the courtroom. “Your Witness” underscores the importance of thorough preparation, which includes a deep understanding of the case facts, relevant laws, and precedents. Barristers must meticulously review all case materials, identify key issues, and develop a coherent strategy. This preparation extends to anticipating the arguments of opposing counsel and preparing counterarguments.

The book highlights the need for effective case management skills, which involve organising and managing large volumes of documents and evidence. This aspect is crucial in ensuring that all relevant materials are readily accessible during court proceedings, allowing barristers to respond swiftly and accurately to developments in the case.

Legal Research and Drafting

“Your Witness” stresses the importance of robust legal research in the preparation phase. Barristers must be adept at navigating legal databases and resources to find relevant case law, statutes, and academic commentary. This research forms the foundation of a barrister’s arguments and informs their understanding of the legal landscape surrounding the case.

Drafting is another critical skill for barristers, encompassing the creation of pleadings, skeleton arguments, and various court submissions. The book guides crafting clear, concise, and persuasive legal documents, which are essential for communicating a client’s position effectively to the court.

Courtroom Advocacy

Courtroom advocacy is the cornerstone of a barrister’s role, and “Your Witness” offers extensive insights into the skills and techniques required to excel in this arena. The book covers various aspects of courtroom performance, including opening statements, examination-in-chief, cross-examination, and closing arguments.

Opening Statements

The opening statement is a barrister’s first opportunity to present their client’s case to the court. “Your Witness” advises that an effective opening statement should be succinct, compelling, and clearly outline the key issues and the evidence that will be presented. It sets the tone for the trial and provides the judge or jury with a roadmap of what to expect.


Examination-in-chief involves questioning one’s own witnesses to elicit favourable evidence. “Your Witness” highlights the importance of asking open-ended questions that allow witnesses to provide detailed and coherent narratives. The aim is to establish the facts of the case clearly and convincingly without leading the witness or suggesting answers.


Cross-examination is often considered the most challenging and crucial part of a barrister’s role. “Your Witness” provides detailed strategies for effective cross-examination, which include preparing thoroughly by knowing the case inside out and understanding the weaknesses in the opposing side’s evidence. The book advises on techniques such as controlling the witness, asking leading questions, and using prior inconsistent statements to impeach credibility. The goal of cross-examination is to challenge the opposing witnesses’ testimony and undermine their reliability.

Closing Arguments

The closing argument is the final opportunity for a barrister to persuade the court of their client’s position. “Your Witness” emphasizes that a strong closing argument should synthesise the evidence presented during the trial and reinforce the key points of the case. It should be structured, logical, and persuasive, leaving a lasting impression on the judge or jury.

Ethical Considerations

Barristers in the UK are bound by strict ethical guidelines and professional standards, which are essential for maintaining the integrity of the legal system. “Your Witness” addresses the ethical responsibilities of barristers, including the duty to the court, the duty to the client, and the duty to the administration of justice.

Duty to the Court

Barristers have a paramount duty to the court, which takes precedence over their duty to the client. This includes a responsibility to act with honesty and integrity, not to mislead the court, and to ensure that all relevant legal authorities are disclosed, even if they are adverse to the client’s case. “Your Witness” underscores the importance of maintaining the court’s confidence and upholding the rule of law.

Duty to the Client

While barristers must zealously represent their client’s interests, they must do so within the bounds of the law and ethical guidelines. “Your Witness” discusses the balance between providing robust representation and avoiding conduct that could bring the legal profession into disrepute. This includes the duty to maintain client confidentiality, provide competent representation, and avoid conflicts of interest.

Duty to the Administration of Justice

Barristers also have a broader duty to the administration of justice, which includes contributing to the fair and efficient operation of the legal system. “Your Witness” highlights the importance of procedural fairness, ensuring that all parties have a fair opportunity to present their case and that justice is done.

Communication Skills

Effective communication is a core competency for barristers, encompassing both oral and written skills. “Your Witness” provides extensive guidance on honing these skills, which are essential for persuasive advocacy and effective client representation.

Oral Advocacy

Oral advocacy skills are critical for courtroom performance, including the delivery of opening statements, examination of witnesses, and closing arguments. “Your Witness” advises on the importance of clear, confident, and articulate speech, as well as the ability to think on one’s feet and respond to unexpected developments during a trial. Effective oral advocacy also involves the use of appropriate tone, pace, and body language to enhance the persuasiveness of one’s arguments.

Written Advocacy

Written advocacy involves the preparation of legal documents such as pleadings, skeleton arguments, and written submissions. “Your Witness” emphasises the need for clarity, precision, and conciseness in legal writing. Well-drafted documents are essential for communicating complex legal arguments effectively and ensuring that the judge or tribunal fully understands the barrister’s position.

Continuing Professional Development

The legal profession is dynamic and constantly evolving, requiring barristers to engage in ongoing professional development. “Your Witness” highlights the importance of staying abreast of changes in the law, developing new skills, and continuously improving one’s advocacy techniques.

Legal Education and Training

Barristers are required to undertake continuing professional development (CPD) to maintain their practising certificates. “Your Witness” encourages barristers to engage in a variety of CPD activities, including attending seminars, workshops, and conferences, as well as participating in mentoring and peer review programmes. This ongoing education ensures that barristers remain knowledgeable and competent in their practice.

Self-Reflection and Feedback

“Your Witness” also advocates for the importance of self-reflection and seeking feedback from peers and mentors. By critically evaluating one’s performance and actively seeking constructive criticism, barristers can identify areas for improvement and enhance their advocacy skills.


“Your Witness” serves as an invaluable guide for barristers, offering practical advice and insights into the art of advocacy within the British legal system. The book covers a wide range of topics, from case preparation and legal research to courtroom performance and ethical considerations. By adhering to the principles and techniques outlined in “Your Witness,” barristers can enhance their effectiveness as advocates, uphold the highest standards of professional conduct, and contribute to the fair and efficient administration of justice. The emphasis on preparation, ethical integrity, and continuous professional development ensures that barristers are well-equipped to meet the challenges of the legal profession and provide exceptional representation for their clients.

Your Witness FAQ'S

A witness is someone who provides testimony or evidence in a legal case to help establish the facts of the case. They may have firsthand knowledge of the events or circumstances related to the case and are called upon to provide their account of what they saw, heard, or experienced.

In general, anyone who has relevant information or knowledge about a case can be called as a witness. However, there are certain exceptions, such as witnesses who are deemed incompetent due to mental incapacity or those who have a conflict of interest in the case.

A witness has the responsibility to tell the truth and provide accurate information to the best of their knowledge. They may be required to attend court hearings, answer questions from attorneys, and provide any requested documents or evidence.

In some cases, witnesses may have valid reasons to refuse to testify, such as invoking their right against self-incrimination or asserting attorney-client privilege. However, there are legal consequences for refusing to testify when there is no valid reason, such as being held in contempt of court.

Yes, in certain situations, witnesses can be compelled to testify through a subpoena. A subpoena is a legal order that requires a person to appear in court and provide testimony or produce documents. Failure to comply with a subpoena can result in legal consequences.

Yes, during a trial, the opposing party’s attorney has the right to cross-examine the witness. Cross-examination allows the attorney to question the witness’s credibility, challenge their testimony, or elicit additional information that may be favorable to their case.

Yes, a witness can be impeached, which means their credibility or reliability can be challenged. This can be done by presenting evidence that contradicts their testimony, showing a prior inconsistent statement, or highlighting any biases or motives that may affect their credibility.

In some cases, witnesses may be entitled to receive compensation for their time and expenses related to attending court hearings or providing testimony. However, the specific rules and guidelines for witness compensation vary depending on the jurisdiction and the nature of the case.

Yes, witnesses can be provided with protection measures to ensure their safety and prevent any potential retaliation or harm. This may include keeping their identity confidential, providing security measures, or relocating them if necessary.

Yes, if a witness knowingly provides false testimony under oath, they can be held liable for perjury. Perjury is a criminal offense and can result in penalties such as fines, imprisonment, or both. It is essential for witnesses to understand the importance of telling the truth and the potential consequences of providing false information.

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This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 9th June 2024.

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