Define: Grievance Arbitration

Grievance Arbitration
Grievance Arbitration
Quick Summary of Grievance Arbitration

Grievance arbitration is a method of resolving disputes between two parties by employing an impartial third party to render a binding decision. It is utilised when there is a disagreement regarding the interpretation of a contract or when an employee alleges a violation of their rights under a collective-bargaining agreement. The arbitrator carefully considers the arguments presented by both sides and ultimately determines the true meaning of the contract or whether the employee’s rights were indeed infringed upon. Grievance arbitration serves as the final stage in a procedure known as the grievance process.

Full Definition Of Grievance Arbitration

Grievance arbitration is a process for resolving conflicts between two parties, typically an employer and an employee, regarding the interpretation or breach of an existing contract. It involves the intervention of an impartial third party, known as an arbitrator, who hears both sides and renders a legally binding decision. For instance, if an employee believes their employer has failed to adhere to the terms of their collective bargaining agreement, such as not granting a promised salary increase or denying requested time off, they may file a grievance. This matter would then be brought to grievance arbitration, where an arbitrator would carefully consider the arguments from both the employee and the employer and make a final determination on whether the contract was violated and how to rectify the situation. Similarly, if a union accuses a company of laying off workers without proper notice or compensation, the case would be submitted to grievance arbitration for resolution. In this scenario, the arbitrator would assess whether the company breached the union contract and determine appropriate compensation for the affected employees. These examples highlight the role of grievance arbitration in settling disputes between employers and employees regarding contract interpretation or violation. By providing a binding decision, the arbitrator helps to avoid the costly and time-consuming process of litigation in court.

Grievance Arbitration FAQ'S

Grievance arbitration is a legal process used to resolve disputes between employees and employers regarding the interpretation or application of a collective bargaining agreement or employment contract.

You can file a grievance arbitration when you believe that your rights under a collective bargaining agreement or employment contract have been violated and you have exhausted all other internal dispute resolution procedures.

The process typically involves the selection of a neutral arbitrator who will hear both sides of the dispute and make a binding decision. Each party presents their case, provides evidence, and may call witnesses to support their position.

Grievance arbitration can address a wide range of employment-related issues, including disciplinary actions, terminations, wage disputes, work schedule changes, and contract interpretation disagreements.

Yes, you have the right to represent yourself in a grievance arbitration. However, it is often advisable to seek legal representation to ensure that your rights are protected and that you present a strong case.

The duration of the process can vary depending on the complexity of the case and the availability of the arbitrator. It can range from a few weeks to several months.

If the arbitrator rules in your favor, the employer is typically required to comply with the decision and provide the appropriate remedy, such as reinstatement, back pay, or other forms of compensation.

In most cases, the decision of the arbitrator is final and binding. However, there may be limited grounds for appealing the decision, such as if there was a procedural error or if the arbitrator exhibited bias.

No, it is illegal for an employer to retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights to file a grievance arbitration. If you believe you have been retaliated against, you may have additional legal remedies available to you.

The fees associated with grievance arbitration are typically shared between the parties involved, as outlined in the collective bargaining agreement or employment contract. It is important to review these provisions to understand your financial obligations.

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This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 25th April 2024.

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