Occupation Order

Occupation Order
Occupation Order
Full Overview Of Occupation Order

In the complex field of family law, ensuring the safety and well-being of individuals often requires decisive legal interventions. One such intervention is the Occupation Order, a powerful tool designed to regulate the occupation of a family home following the breakdown of a relationship or in situations involving domestic abuse.

At DLS Solicitors, we understand the profound impact these orders can have on individuals and families, and we are dedicated to providing comprehensive guidance and support through this challenging process. This overview aims to simplify the nature, application process, implications, and support mechanisms associated with occupation orders.

What Is A Occupation Order?

An occupation order is a type of injunction granted by the family courts under the Family Law Act 1996. It decides who can live in the family home and can also prevent someone from entering the home. This order is usually requested in cases of domestic abuse, where it’s necessary to protect the applicant or their children from harm. Occupation orders can also be used to settle disputes over housing after the end of a relationship.

Occupation orders are governed by Part IV of the Family Law Act of 1996. The court has broad discretion to grant these orders, and several factors are considered, including the parties’ housing needs and resources, their financial resources, the effect of any order or lack thereof on the health, safety, and well-being of the parties and any relevant child, and the parties’ conduct in relation to each other and otherwise.

The critical criteria for granting an occupation order include:

  • Significant Harm Test: The court must consider whether the applicant or any relevant child is likely to suffer significant harm attributable to the respondent’s conduct if an order is not made. If significant harm is likely, the court will make an order unless the respondent or any relevant child is likely to suffer as much or more harm if the order is made.
  • Balance of Harm Test: This involves balancing the harm that the applicant or any relevant child would suffer if the order is not made against the harm the respondent would suffer if the order is made.

The Application Process

To get an occupation order, the applicant needs to submit an application to the family court along with detailed evidence. This evidence should include witness statements, police reports, medical records, and any other relevant documents. The applicant can also request an ex parte order, which is granted without the respondent being present if there is an immediate risk of harm.

After the application is submitted, the court arranges a hearing, usually within a few days, to review the evidence. During this hearing, the judge assesses the need for the order and the specific terms needed to protect the applicant and any relevant children. If an ex parte order is granted, a subsequent hearing is scheduled to allow the respondent to present their case.

Legal representation is crucial in Occupation Order proceedings. At DLS Solicitors, we provide comprehensive legal support to applicants, ensuring their applications are meticulously prepared and their cases robustly presented. We also represent respondents, advocating for their rights and ensuring that any unjustified or excessive restrictions are challenged.

Terms and Provisions

The specific terms of an Occupation Order vary depending on the circumstances of each case. Common provisions include:

  • Exclusive Occupation: Granting the applicant exclusive rights to occupy the home, effectively excluding the respondent.
  • Partial Exclusion: Restricting the respondent from certain parts of the home or during certain times.
  • Regulation of Use: Setting out rules on how the home is to be used, such as prohibiting certain behaviours or requiring the respondent to leave the home temporarily.

These provisions are tailored to the specific needs of the applicant and any relevant children, ensuring that the order provides effective and meaningful protection.

Duration and Enforcement

Occupation orders can be granted for a specified period or until further order of the court. The duration depends on the risk’s severity and the case’s circumstances. Although violating an occupation order is not a criminal offense in and of itself, the police can enforce it and the court can, if necessary, attach a power of arrest to the order. Breaching the terms of an Occupation Order with a power of arrest attached can result in the respondent being arrested and brought before the court.

Balancing Protection and Fairness

Occupation orders serve the primary goal of protecting victims of abuse and providing housing stability. However, the courts also aim to balance this protection with fairness to the respondent. The court carefully considers the impact of the order on the respondent, ensuring that any restrictions imposed are necessary and proportionate. This balanced approach ensures that occupation orders are both effective in providing protection and fair in their application.

Challenges and Considerations

One of the main challenges in Occupation Order cases is providing sufficient evidence to support the application. Victims of abuse may find it difficult to gather evidence, particularly if the abuse is psychological or emotional rather than physical. At DLS Solicitors, we work closely with our clients to help them compile comprehensive evidence and present a compelling case to the court.

Another consideration is the emotional impact on both the applicant and the respondent. Occupation Order proceedings can be stressful and traumatic, and providing both parties with appropriate support and guidance is essential. Our team is dedicated to offering empathetic and professional support, ensuring our clients feel supported throughout the process.

Long-Term Implications

While Occupation Orders provide immediate protection, they also have long-term implications for both parties. For the applicant, an Occupation Order can provide a sense of security and peace of mind, allowing them to rebuild their life free from fear and harassment. Being excluded from the family home can have significant personal and financial consequences for the respondent, and breaching the order can result in legal sanctions.

Navigating the complexities of occupation orders requires expert legal advice and representation. DLS Solicitors offers a full range of legal services to support individuals involved in Occupation Order proceedings. Our experienced team provides:

  • Comprehensive Legal Advice: We offer detailed legal advice to help clients understand their rights and options.
  • Application Preparation: We assist applicants in preparing and filing their applications, ensuring that all necessary evidence is included.
  • Court Representation: We represent clients at all stages of the court proceedings, advocating for their rights and interests.
  • Post-Order Support: We provide ongoing support and advice to clients after an Occupation Order is granted, helping them navigate any issues that arise.


Occupation orders are important tools in the legal system. They are designed to offer immediate and efficient protection for victims of domestic abuse and to regulate the occupation of the family home after the end of a relationship. They are crucial for safeguarding individuals from harm while also considering the need for fairness for all parties involved. At DLS Solicitors, we are dedicated to providing compassionate, expert guidance throughout the Occupation Order process. Whether you are seeking protection through an Occupation Order or responding to an application, our team is here to support you with the knowledge, experience, and dedication needed to navigate these challenging circumstances effectively.

Your Trusted Partner in Protection and Family Law

Family law cases, particularly those involving domestic abuse and housing disputes, require a sensitive and informed approach. At DLS Solicitors, our commitment is to ensure the safety and well-being of our clients while safeguarding their rights and interests. We provide tailored legal services, recognising the unique circumstances of each case and the profound impact our work can have on individuals and families.

Understanding the Nuances

Each Occupation Order case is unique, reflecting the diverse situations in which individuals are at risk. Whether it involves physical violence, psychological abuse, or housing disputes, our approach is always meticulous and informed by the latest legal precedents and best practices in protection and family law.

Collaborative Approach

We believe in a collaborative approach, working closely with support services, healthcare professionals, and other stakeholders to ensure that every aspect of the individual’s welfare is considered. Our multi-disciplinary team is equipped to handle the various facets of Occupation Order cases, from emergency applications to detailed evidence gathering and court representation.

Empathy and Professionalism

Our ethos is grounded in empathy and professionalism. We understand the emotional toll these proceedings can take and strive to provide clear, compassionate guidance. Our goal is to achieve the best possible outcome for our clients, ensuring their safety and well-being while respecting the legal rights of all parties involved.

Proactive Advocacy

At DLS Solicitors, proactive advocacy is at the heart of our practice. We don’t just react to developments; we anticipate challenges and work diligently to address them. This proactive stance ensures that our clients are always a step ahead, fully prepared for every stage of the proceedings.

Comprehensive Legal Services

Our services extend beyond representing clients in court. We offer comprehensive legal advice, help prepare detailed applications, and support liaising with support services and other involved parties. Our holistic approach ensures that all aspects of the case are covered, providing our clients with the assurance that they are in capable hands.

Continuing Support

Even after an occupation order is granted, our support does not end. We continue to work with our clients, providing ongoing legal advice and assistance in enforcing the order. Our long-term commitment reflects our dedication to our clients’ best interests.

Standing by Your Side

Occupation orders, while challenging to navigate, are essential to ensuring the safety and well-being of individuals at risk of abuse and housing disputes. At DLS Solicitors, we provide the highest level of legal support and advocacy, ensuring that every client receives the protection they deserve and is treated with the respect and care they need during difficult times. Our experienced team is here to stand by your side, offering expert guidance, compassionate support, and unwavering dedication to achieving the best outcomes for all involved.

Occupation Order FAQ'S

An occupation order is a court order issued under the Family Law Act 1996 that regulates who can live in the family home or enter the surrounding area. It can exclude a person from the home or grant one party the right to remain in the home.

Individuals who can apply for an Occupation Order include spouses, civil partners, cohabitants, former cohabitants, and those with a beneficial interest in the property.

Certain family members, such as parents or children, can also apply.

The court can grant an occupation order if it believes it is necessary to protect the applicant or any relevant child from domestic violence, harm, or abuse, or if it is in the best interests of any relevant child.

An Occupation Order deals with the right to occupy the family home and can exclude someone from it. At the same time, a Non-Molestation Order is designed to protect individuals from harassment or abuse by prohibiting certain behaviours.

The duration of an occupation order varies. It can be set for a specific period until a specified event occurs or indefinitely. Temporary orders (ex parte) can be granted in urgent situations and typically last until a full hearing.

Breaching an Occupation Order is a criminal offence. The person who breaches the order can be arrested and prosecuted. Additionally, the applicant can apply to the court for enforcement, which may include fines or imprisonment.

Evidence needed can include witness statements, police reports, medical records, photographs of injuries or property damage, and any other documentation that supports claims of harm, abuse, or the need for protection.

Yes, an occupation order can be varied or discharged if circumstances change. Either party can apply to the court to modify or cancel the order, and the court will consider the current situation and the best interests of any relevant child.

While a solicitor is not mandatory, it is highly advisable to seek legal advice. A solicitor can help prepare the application, gather the necessary evidence, and represent the applicant in court.

The court considers several factors, including each party’s housing needs and resources, financial resources, likely effect of any order on the health, safety, and well-being of the parties and any relevant child, and conduct in relation to each other and otherwise.


This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. Persuing this glossary does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

This glossary post was last updated: 11th July 2024.

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Our team of professionals are based in Alderley Edge, Cheshire. We offer clear, specialist legal advice in all matters relating to Family Law, Wills, Trusts, Probate, Lasting Power of Attorney and Court of Protection.

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